Dating ceska republika
By the turn of the century, a widening gap between the first and second generations was already in evidence.In 1900 there were 199,939 American-born Czechs as opposed to 156,640 Czechs who had been born in Europe.In the aftermath of World War II, the Soviet Union began to tighten its control over central Europe, and in February 1948 it staged a governmental crisis in Czechoslovakia that solidified Communist control over the Czech government.
With the surrender of Austria on October 28, 1918, a revolutionary committee in Prague declared the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic.
The majority of Czechs (39.2 percent) are Roman Catholic, with a smaller number (4.1 percent) adhering to Protestant denominations. The capital city, Prague, preserves one of the oldest and richest architectural traditions in Europe, with many buildings, such as the Romanesque Church of St. Masaryk, consists of a blue triangle on a rectilinear background of white and red.
The Czechs are a Slavic people, closely related to the Slovaks in speech and custom, but with a distinct history and national identity.
Chicago, tied to the West by rail and more readily accessible to the immigrants, became the most populous Czech settlement.
By 1870, other cities with Czech concentrations included St. At the turn of the century, Czech immigrants were more likely to make the journey to the United States with their families. Moreover, it was not uncommon in large families for the head of the household to make more than one trip to the United States, bringing along one or more children each time.