Additional counseling and discussions with a counselor, social worker or minister may prove helpful.
The quad screen is a routine screening that poses no known risks to the mother or baby.
All pregnant women should be offered the quad screen, but it is recommended for women who: The quad screen measures high and low levels of AFP, abnormal levels of h CG and estriol, and high levels of Inhibin-A.
The results are combined with the mother’s age and ethnicity in order to assess probabilities of potential genetic disorders.
Luminescence occurs in some minerals when they are exposed to low-powered sources of ultraviolet or infrared electromagnetic radiation (for example, portable UV lamps), at atmospheric pressure and atmospheric temperatures.
This property of these minerals can be used during the process of mineral identification at rock outcrops in the field, or in the laboratory.
Your healthcare provider will help you evaluate if the benefits from the results could outweigh any risks from the procedure. Second trimester maternal serum screening for fetal open neural tube defects and aneuploidy”, American College of Medical Genetics Policy Statement (2004).
If the testing still maintains abnormal results, a more invasive procedure such as amniocentesis may be performed.
Any invasive procedure should be discussed thoroughly with your healthcare provider and between you and your partner.
High levels of AFP may suggest that the developing baby has a neural tube defect such as spina bifida or anencephaly.
However, the most common reason for elevated AFP levels is inaccurate dating of the pregnancy.