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Divided into small groups, the Paleo-Indians were nomads who hunted large game such as mastodons.They created stone tools made out of chert by chipping, knapping and flaking.Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory.In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U. Before becoming a territory, varying cultures of indigenous peoples and historic Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. state located in the midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west.Such new tools included different types of spear points and knives, with various forms of notches.They made ground-stone tools such as stone axes, woodworking tools and grinding stones.
The first inhabitants in what is now Indiana were the Paleo-Indians, who arrived about 8000 BC after the melting of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age.In 1732 Sieur de Vincennes built a second fur trading post at Vincennes.French Canadian settlers, who had left the earlier post because of hostilities, returned in larger numbers.In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade.Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the 1750s as a result.The Archaic period, which began between 50 BC, covered the next phase of indigenous culture.The people developed new tools as well as techniques to cook food, an important step in civilization.Afterward, the Woodland period took place in Indiana, where various new cultural attributes appeared.During this period, the people created ceramics and pottery, and extended their cultivation of plants.French-Canadian fur traders soon arrived, bringing blankets, jewelry, tools, whiskey and weapons to trade for skins with the Native Americans.By 1702, Sieur Juchereau established the first trading post near Vincennes.